Selasa, 20 Maret 2012

The Beatles

The Beatles

The Beatles adalah salah satu grup musik rock populer sekaligus paling berpengaruh di era modern. Beranggotakan John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, dan Ringo Starr, kebanyakan lagu mereka ditulis oleh Lennon dan McCartney. Popularitas mereka sedemikian tingginya di Britania Raya sehingga di tahun 1963 pers menelurkan istilah "Beatlemania". Mereka juga kemudian meraih sukses di Amerika Serikat dan seluruh dunia.
Dibentuk di Liverpool tahun 1959 dengan formasi awal John Lennon (Vokal, Gitar), Paul McCartney (Vokal, Gitar), George Harrison (Vokal, Gitar), Stuart Sutcliffe (Bass) dan Pete Best (Drum). Namun tak lama kemudian Stuart Sutcliffe mengundurkan diri (hijrah ke Jerman dan menikahi Astrid Kircherr dan meninggal disana tahun 1962 akibat pendarahan di otak). Lalu pada tahun 1962 Pete Best hengkang dari The Beatles, dan posisinya digantikan oleh Richard Starkey alias Ringo Starr.
Manager The Beatles, Brian Eipstein, pertama kali mengenal Beatles lewat banyaknya request pembeli piringan hitam di toko musiknya. Pertama kali Brian mencoba menawarkan Beatles kepada Decca Record, label besar perusahaan rekaman kala itu. Audisi bisa didapat, hanya saja manajemen Decca berpendapat bahwa kelompok musik gitar sudah lewat masa tenarnya. Kendati keempat pemuda menjadi patah arang, Brian akhirnya bisa mendapatkan audisi bagi mereka di satu label rekaman, Parlophone, yang sejatinya adalah perusahaan rekaman untuk siaran radio. George Martin, manajer Parlophone, setuju, dan dimulailah perekaman untuk album pertama The Beatles yang bertajuk "Please Please Me". Lagu Please Please Me dan Love Me Do merupakan andalan untuk album tersebut.
Diskografi
Please Please Me (#1 UK) Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1202 (Mono)/PCS 3042 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1963-03-22 (mono) dan 1963-04-26 (stereo)
Side one
Side two
"I Saw Her Standing There" "Misery" "Anna (Go to Him)" "Chains" "Boys" "Ask Me Why" "Please Please Me"
"Love Me Do" "P.S. I Love You" "Baby It's You" "Do You Want to Know a Secret" "A Taste of Honey" "There's a Place" "Twist and Shout"
With the Beatles (#1 UK) Gold
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1206 (Mono)/PCS 3045 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1963-11-22
Side one
Side two
"It Won't Be Long" "All I've Got to Do" "All My Loving" "Don't Bother Me" "Little Child" "Till There Was You" "Please Mr. Postman"
"Roll Over Beethoven" "Hold Me Tight" "You Really Got a Hold on Me" "I Wanna Be Your Man" "Devil in Her Heart" "Not a Second Time" "Money (That's What I Want)"
A Hard Day's Night (#1 UK)4X Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1230 (Mono)/PCS 3058 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1964-07-10
Side one
Side two
"A Hard Day's Night" "I Should Have Known Better" "If I Fell" "I'm Happy Just to Dance With You" "And I Love Her" "Tell Me Why" "Can't Buy Me Love"
"Any Time at All" "I'll Cry Instead" "Things We Said Today" "When I Get Home" "You Can't Do That" "I'll Be Back"
Beatles for Sale (#1 UK)Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1240 (Mono)/PCS 3062 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1964-12-04
Side one
Side two
"No Reply" "I'm a Loser" "Baby's in Black" "Rock and Roll Music" "I'll Follow the Sun" "Mr. Moonlight" "Kansas City/Hey, Hey, Hey, Hey"
"Eight Days a Week" "Words of Love" "Honey Don't" "Every Little Thing" "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party" "What You're Doing" "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby"
Help! (#1 UK)3X Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1255 (Mono)/PCS 3071 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1965-08-06
Side one
Side two
"Help!" "The Night Before" "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" "I Need You" "Another Girl" "You're Going to Lose That Girl" "Ticket to Ride"
"Act Naturally" "It's Only Love" "You Like Me Too Much" "Tell Me What You See" "I've Just Seen a Face" "Yesterday" "Dizzy Miss Lizzy"
Rubber Soul (#1 UK)6X Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 1267 (Mono)/PCS 3075 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1965-12-03
Side one
Side two
"Drive My Car" "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" "You Won't See Me" "Nowhere Man" "Think for Yourself" "The Word" "Michelle"
"What Goes On" "Girl" "I'm Looking Through You" "In My Life" "Wait" "If I Needed Someone" "Run for Your Life"
Revolver (#1 UK)5X Platinum
Label:
Parlophone PMC 7009 (Mono)/PCS 7009 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1966-08-05
Side one
Side two
"Taxman" "Eleanor Rigby" "I'm Only Sleeping" "Love You To" "Here, There and Everywhere" "Yellow Submarine" "She Said She Said"
"Good Day Sunshine" "And Your Bird Can Sing" "For No One" "Dr. Robert" "I Want to Tell You" "Got to Get You Into My Life" "Tomorrow Never Knows"
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (#1 UK)11X Platinum(Diamond)
Label:
Parlophone PMC 7027 (Mono)/PCS 7027 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1967-06-01
Side one
Side two
"Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" "With a Little Help From My Friends" "Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds" "Getting Better" "Fixing a Hole" "She's Leaving Home" "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!"
"Within You Without You" "When I'm Sixty-Four" "Lovely Rita" "Good Morning Good Morning" "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (Reprise)" "A Day in the Life"
The Beatles ("The White Album") (#1 UK)19X Platinum(Diamond)
Label:
Apple/Parlophone PMC 7067-7068 (Mono)/PCS 7067-7068 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1968-11-22
Side one
Side two
Side three
Side four
"Back in the USSR" "Dear Prudence" "Glass Onion" "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da" "Wild Honey Pie" "The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" "Happiness Is a Warm Gun"
"Martha My Dear" "I'm So Tired" "Blackbird" "Piggies" "Rocky Raccoon" "Don't Pass Me By" "Why Don't We Do It in the Road?" "I Will" "Julia"
"Birthday" "Yer Blues" "Mother Nature's Son" "Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except Me and My Monkey" "Sexy Sadie" "Helter Skelter" "Long, Long, Long"
"Revolution 1" "Honey Pie" "Savoy Truffle" "Cry Baby Cry" "Revolution 9" (Instrumental) "Good Night"
Yellow Submarine (#3 UK)Platinum
Label:
Apple/Parlophone PMC 7070 (Mono)/PCS 7070 (Stereo)
Terbit:
1969-01-17
Side one
Side two
"Yellow Submarine" "Only a Northern Song" "All Together Now" "Hey Bulldog" "It's All Too Much" "All You Need Is Love"
"Pepperland" (Instrumental) "Sea of Time" (Instrumental) "Sea of Holes" (Instrumental) "Sea of Monsters" (Instrumental) "March of the Meanies" (Instrumental) "Pepperland Laid Waste" (Instrumental) "Yellow Submarine in Pepperland" (Instrumental)
Abbey Road (#1 UK) 12X Platinum(Diamond)
Label:
Apple/Parlophone PCS 7088 Albums in stereo only from this point on.
Terbit:
1969-09-26
Side one
Side two
"Come Together" "Something" "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" "Oh! Darling" "Octopus's Garden" "I Want You (She's So Heavy)"
"Here Comes the Sun" "Because" "You Never Give Me Your Money" "Sun King" "Mean Mr. Mustard" "Polythene Pam" "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" "Golden Slumbers" "Carry That Weight" "The End" "Her Majesty"
Let It Be (#1 UK)4X Platinum
Label:
Apple/Parlophone PXS 1 (Box Set)/PCS 7096 (Regular LP)
Terbit:
1970-05-08 (Box Set) 1970-11-06 (Regular LP)
Side one
Side two
"Two of Us" "Dig a Pony" "Across the Universe" "I Me Mine" "Dig It" "Let It Be" "Maggie Mae"
"I've Got a Feeling" "One After 909" "The Long and Winding Road" "For You Blue" "Get Back"
The Beatles
John Lennon | Paul McCartney | George Harrison | Ringo Starr Pete Best | Stuart Sutcliffe Manajemen
Brian Epstein | Allen Klein | Apple Records Produksi
George Martin | Geoff Emerick | Norman Smith | Abbey Road Studios Album studio resmi
Please Please Me (1963) | With the Beatles (1963) | A Hard Day's Night (1964) | Beatles for Sale (1964) | Help! (1965) | Rubber Soul (1965) Revolver (1966) | Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967) | Magical Mystery Tour (1967) | The Beatles (1968) | Yellow Submarine (1969) | Abbey Road (1969) | Let It Be (1970) Film
A Hard Day's Night (1964) | Help! (1965) | Magical Mystery Tour (1967) | Yellow Submarine (1968) | Let it Be (1970)
Diperoleh dari "http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles"

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